Science, Military, and Foreign Policy

- The Ten Lost Years meant most of China lacked basic technological expertise.

- Shortages of scientists, doctors, engineers, architects.

- PRC set a goal to be only 10 years behind world powers by 1985.

- Majority of the PLA supported Hua.

- By 1975 the military withdrew from politics to focus more on training and national defense.

- “Spirit over weapons” due to poor equipment; military lagged behind about 15 years other powers

- China needed capital for growth; Nixon’s friendlier relations allowed the Open Door Policy.

- All foreign corporations needed 50% Chinese engagement to develop the national economy.

- This led to more political fracturing between radicals and moderates.